Sports Medicine – Sports Injury Types, Treatment by Dr. Sanjib Kumar Behera
Sports Surgeon treat orthopedic problems of the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, and foot and ankle injuries, etc., with a special focus so that the impact of the treatment and rehabilitation on the future athletic activities is dealt with.
What is Sports Medicine?
Sports Medicine is a sub-specialty of orthopedics that involves the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries caused due to athletic activity.
Many injuries occurring during sports can be healed by a sports medicine physician using casting or bracing and a few physical therapy sessions. But if the injuries are serious, then surgery is needed to give the athlete a better chance for a full recovery and return to the game or field.
The sports injury treatments can vary with the complexity of the injury and its severity. A severe injury is usually when the connective tissue is torn or bones are deranged or in cases of compound fractures where the bone pierces the skin.
Below we list a few common sports injuries that require corrective surgeries by the best sports injury doctor.
1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear
A very common type of tear in many kinds of sport is that of the knee ligament also called the anterior cruciate ligament(ACL). ACLs are very delicate and can lock easily or tear. ACL tears can be reconstructed by surgery. Commonly a tissue from somewhere else is used to replace and reconstruct the torn ACL on the knee.
2. Meniscal Tears
The meniscus is a piece of cartilage in the knee that acts as a cushion for the joint. It stabilizes the joint by protecting the bones from wear and tear. But in some contact sports such as football that requires jumping and cutting can lead to twisting of the knee joint to tear the meniscus. In some severe cases, a piece of the torn cartilage can lock itself up in the joint causing debilitating pain.
Meniscus repairs are done using arthroscopic methods. Generally, if there are smaller tears a partial meniscectomy is performed to trim off the damaged meniscus tissue or a longer surgery to stitch up parts of the meniscus in repair.
3. Dislocation of shoulder joint
During sudden movements in sports, the arm bone pops out of the groove of the shoulder blade causing shoulder dislocations. Shoulder dislocations are common because the shoulder joint moves in many directions, causing dislocations in forwarding, backward or downward, completely or partially through the shoulder. Sometimes a complication can occur when the fibrous tissue joining the bones of the shoulder can be stretched and torn. Shoulder subluxations occur when the ball falls partially out of the socket of the joint.
Shoulder dislocation or subluxations cause symptoms like swelling, pain, numbness in arms, hands or fingers, and unsteady shoulder. Treatment involves surgery to put the shoulder back in place and hold it in place with a cast or sling for a few days. A follow up can be prescribed for rehabilitation exercises to strengthen muscle and joint mobility.
A fracture means a break in the bones and the most common fractures during sports activities are located in the wrist, hand, ankle, foot, and collarbone. When too much pressure is placed on the bones or during a bad fall bone can break due to a direct blow. In some contact sports such as football and lacrosse, bones are particularly vulnerable to fractures because of the impact of direct blows. Fractures can be many types:
- A complete fracture involves a complete break leading to separate broken pieces of the bone.
- A partial fracture or incomplete fracture means the bone is broken but still intact as a single piece.
- In a compound fracture or open fracture, the bone is broken and exposed through the skin injury. This fracture has a risk of infection at the site.
- A simple fracture or closed fracture means the bone does not penetrate through the skin and the exact location has to be diagnosed through an x-ray scan.
Mild fractures can be healed by using casts and resting for a few weeks. For more severe ones, a variety of surgical options are available for fixing different fractures. The treatment also depends on what bone is broken and its location and the fracture pattern. Depending on the severity of the fracture a personalized course of treatment has to be prescribed for a successful recovery and speedy bounce back to the sport or athletic activity.
About Sports Medicine Specialist
The rise of star sports medicine orthopedic surgeons is increasing with the rise of sports stars. Whether one is competing on a field, court, or track, injuries can happen at any moment. Finding the right sports medicine doctor quickly can make the difference between a smooth return to playing or a delayed recovery.
Dr. Behera, a reputed Best Sports Surgeon in Hyderabad specializes in Orthopedics and Sports Medicine. He is a Clinical Director & HOD in Care Hospitals, Outpatient Center, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, and is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of all athletic injuries with particular prowess in reconstructive surgery of Knee and Shoulder.
He is a skilled sports medicine physician in everything from the latest surgical techniques to good, old-fashioned care and is a preferred sports medicine orthopedic surgeon for his compassion by all ages. With a personal touch to his care and rehabilitation, he has made sure that all of his patients recovered swiftly and got back to their favorite sport with proper fitness and top performance capability.
If you have any questions about your loved one’s Sports Injury, please ask for Dr. Sanjib Kumar Behera. He is here to help and also give suggestions for the best method of treatment.
Care Hospital – Hyderabad
Road no-10, Banjarahills, Hyd- 500034
Call: +91-94401 80980